Are they walking the walk? Assessing countries’ implementation of stated climate policy goals.

In partnership with AG Energy & Climate Ltd in the UK, we have developed a policy implementation check framework for the Climate Transparency project, with support from the World Bank.
The framework aims to evaluate whether countries are taking credible action on the ground to implement 1.5°C compatible policies across nine key policy areas.
It consists of a six-step process and is designed to complement the existing policy ambition assessment of the G20 countries in the Climate Transparency Report’s country factsheets.
The existing ambition assessment compares each country’s policies against required benchmark actions in nine policy areas: Renewable power, Coal power phase-out, Fossil fuel vehicle phase-out (cars and lorries), Transport modal shift, Near zero energy new builds, Retrofitting existing buildings, Industrial energy efficiency, Net zero deforestation. Countries are scored on how closely their stated policy ambition comes to a benchmark derived from 1.5°C compatible global emission paths.
At the core of the new implementation framework, the country’s main policies in these areas are assessed against a concise set of evaluation questions across four categories: Legal Status, Institutions & governance, Resourcing, Oversight.
We successfully tested the framework on two pilot countries, South Africa and the UK, and hope to be able to extend analysis to all G20 countries in 2023. The tests showed interesting results indicating that countries that score high on policy ambition do not always deliver on this ambition on the ground, given the current state of implementation.

Climate Transparency is a collaboration of 16 partner organisations across the G20, with a secretariat run by the Berlin Governance Platform in collaboration with Climate Analytics.